The need for sustainable development affects everyone. Reduce waste, act safely, lead an existence that makes cities liveable and industries efficient, respecting the environment and human life to allow current and future generations to satisfy their needs and to give hope of the future to the world. With the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the great action program to which the governments of the 193 UN member countries have adhered, the objectives are outlined (there are 17 SDGs - Sustainable Development Goals) to be achieved by 2030 to lead the world to take the path of sustainability. Ambitious goals that concern essential issues for real development in terms of sustainability. The agenda of the European Union and its policies are also aligned with these objectives of the next programming 2021-2027. A global approach that must take into account multiple aspects: social, economic, environmental but which also has the ambition to ensure that these various aspects can strengthen each other for a sustainable development capable of responding to both the needs of current generations and those future. In this context, the EU is not only strongly committed, the SDGs are included in all 10 priorities of the European Commission, but with its strategic approach it can really play a particularly important role in the implementation of the 2030 agenda. 

The process to achieve the sustainable development goals obviously also affects all EU countries and cannot be completed without the involvement of regional and local authorities. A fundamental role as responsible actors in the implementation of European sustainability. In fact, it is the regional and local governments that know better and more deeply the reality of the territory, as they have concrete management functions in the sectors affected by the SDGs and become protagonists in the pursuit and implementation of these objectives. 

The Region of Sardinia did not miss the opportunity, on the contrary, it took, with a synthesis strategy, the indications contained both in the National Strategy for Sustainable Development and the indications of the European Cohesion Policy 2021-27 as it was called to define the objectives of the S3 regional smart strategy.

The Region has decreased, starting from regional emergencies also with respect to each Goal of the UN 2030 Agenda, these indications in the regional context by identifying needs and priorities. He thus established the five strategic themes for his Regional Sustainable Development Strategy e 7 thematic online workshops. Themes that have a long-term vision with actions to be taken and objectives to be pursued to achieve a sustainable Sardinia in 2030:

  1. More intelligent, innovative and digitized Sardinia;
  2. Greener Sardinia for people, businesses and institutions; 
  3. Sardinia more connected and accessible;  
  4. More social, educated and prosperous Sardinia; 
  5. Sardinia closer to the citizens, identifying and welcoming. 

In order to effectively involve the various stakeholders in this sustainability project, the regional administration has created online workshops, which consist of moments of in-depth study for each of the five strategic themes set out in the regional strategy. A proactive and commendable initiative by the Sardinia Region, where the more than appreciable effort to work to make those who are users active protagonists should be noted. 

A constructive opportunity to talk about Europe in Sardinia, to become literate on purely European issues, to work on inclusion policies. However, it should be noted that the simultaneous participation in these laboratories of several heterogeneous subjects, represented by institutional actors, companies, the third sector and civil society, risks losing that spirit of innovation and that added value that could be achieved if they were addressed to a homogeneous target. , finalized and certainly not undifferentiated as it appears to be now. Certainly an excellent starting level can be found in this first phase, but to make the Smart Specialization Strategy of the Sardinia Region (S3) even more incisive and credible in terms of involvement to the point of being able to impact on the real actions that the Sardinia Region will go to to define, it would be useful to address the workshops to a targeted and limited audience and with thematic tables. I participated and alongside punctual and well-defined presentations, there were instead interventions that were completely off topic: stakeholders who took the opportunity to communicate on several levels with the Region, but in a way that was often completely out of proportion and not relevant to the purposes of the 'meeting, at least for those who participate in these workshops because they are really useful. We therefore need to ask ourselves what the purposes are: the Region of Sardinia simply wants to involve undifferentiated actors in the process and the achievement of effectiveness is not among the objectives, or it must, by procedure, only show the involvement of a wide audience of potential users ? A suggestion in this regard: good as a first step, but we expect a second more focused on the target otherwise it remains only an effort, as many have already seen, completely useless in terms of concrete contributions. Better targeting the target would make the working table and the discussion credible and would be more effective in pursuing that intention of active and competent participation in the implementation of the sustainability and cohesion policy project of the Sardinia Region. 

Ines Caloisi



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